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10 historical things, often involved in poisoning people

Exploring Museum exhibits or finding various artifacts during the excavations, it is very easy to lose your head with excitement, touching him. But we should do that with caution, because our ancestors were able to cook a surprise by covering the surface of the object a poison or hiding it inside. Interestingly, this was not done on purpose, as in the past, in common parlance, had a lot of toxic things whose danger has not been proven.



One such substance was asbestos it was used for making many objects of daily use. The intended use of the poison also historically very popular, it was possible to get rid of the obsessive lover, or a political opponent. Therefore, when contact time was found ancient objects, should be particularly careful.

10 historical things, often involved in poisoning people

Suicidal glasses

The Museum of international espionage (Yes there is such) located in the U.S. capital, is an interesting exhibit. This ordinary-looking glasses, in which is hidden a curious secret. In one of the temples hidden vial of cyanide, after which the person will immediately die.
Points were given to secret agents who had to commit suicide to avoid torture and to issue a state secret. The agent relaxed, took in the mouth, the spectacles, biting through it, and then instantly and painlessly died. Invented suicide points to the CIA, but they demand many intelligence agencies from around the world.

The book is killer

About 10 years ago on a German auction appeared the book of the seventeenth century, or rather its layout, hides a few types of poisons. All pages of the lot was glued and done inside the cavity, which houses 11 types of deadly poisons. Each poison was kept in a special box with a tag that had the name of the substance. Also, there was a jar of green with a painted skeleton.
Fortunately for buyers, the inside of the poisons was not, and tests of residual traces have not yet been done, but scientists suggest that the book belonged to the killer. It is worth noting that in ancient times, poison was not only "killers", but the doctors, however, in the three tanks was discovered a toxic substance, which could be useful in medicine.

Deadly bacteria

This case has nothing to do with poison, but worthy of mention in the list. Last year in the North-Western part of Turkey, found human remains, the antiquity of which consisted of 8 centuries. It was a pregnant woman, under thirty years of age. Below her ribs, the archaeologists found two calcified nodules containing harmful bacteria Gardnerella vaginalis and Staphylococcussaprophyticus. Apparently, their development and led to the death of the pregnant woman.
Often recovered by archaeologists during excavations of DNA, so the bacteria does not belong to more than one percent of the body. But in this case, they ranged from 31 to 58% of the total.

Deadly books

By chance, in three books, stored in the Danish southern University, historians have found sufficient death dose of arsenic. These books described the important historical events relating to the XVI-XVII centuries. It is worth considering that many books of the era "podevalis" the old Scriptures, for example, the laws of the Roman Empire. To fully decipher the text the historians could not due to the presence in the pages of green paint that covered part of the text. To decrypt the content, the researchers used x-ray. Imagine their surprise when they found out that the paint is created from a deadly chemical element arsenic.
At that time people did not know that the use of arsenic causes cancer and other deadly diseases, and used it for making green dye. Pages of books were poured a green substance is not the decor (the paint was on the inside, not on the cover), and to scare away insects and rodents.

Deadly Wallpaper

Arsenic was used not only during the manufacture of the books, but also in the manufacture of Wallpaper. One exhibit on display in Manhattan at the design Museum. Until 1775, all Wallpaper green quickly faded and turned brown. Later, however, the structure of the dye began to add the arsenic, and the green pigment called Chelles. All anything, but the Wallpaper was slowly killing their owners. When the liquid enters them, or during high humidity, the arsenic evaporates, passing into the gaseous state. Inhaling its fumes, the owners of the houses die in their own homes.
Wallpaper on display in the Museum, dated 1836. Since that time, all the colors are practically invisible except for the green, preserving the original brightness. Contact paper can lead to infection, so the exhibit kept behind glass during screenings and securely wrapped during storage and transportation.

Threat fashion

Green "arsenic" paint was used not only for paper processing. It was also used in the manufacture of outfits and headgear in Britain during the Victorian era needless to say how dangerous it was such a production. Explore the material dye decided only after 1861, when the woman died, a manufacturer of decorations for hats in the form of artificial flowers in a green color. The doctor noticed that the amount of poison contained in one hat, was enough for the sudden death of more than 20 people. Outfit for dances of the era included a little less than 1000 grains of arsenic, of which about 50 were evaporated in one evening. Given the fact that the death of an adult of 4-5 grains, the discovery shocked the public.
Danger trapped not so much women, how many people are involved in sewing clothes. People working with dangerous dye all day, worsened their health arsenic becoming victims of various diseases. The staff of the York castle Museum are in contact with the "poisoned" dresses only in respiratory masks and gloves, as they still are in mortal danger.
And that looked like ladies of the early XX century, we published an interesting article with lots of photos.

Mad Hatter

Poisoned clothing could be impregnated not only with arsenic. Felt hats contain enough mercury to poison an adult. They caught a huge number of hatters XVIII-XIX centuries in France and the UK. The wizard processed the fur rabbits and hares, to make it suitable for the manufacture of felt. They breathed mercury fumes affect the brain. The first signs of mercury poisoning is tremor, uncontrollable drooling and loss of teeth. Also have problems with the respiratory and cardiac system develops paranoia and hallucinations appear. In the end, the man dies.
Customers hatters were not poisoned, as mercury vapors were separated lining. That is why the use of mercury in latex hat no one was banned. The problem resolved itself when felt hats became irrelevant, due to exit of fashion. One copy of "crazy" hats stored at the canadian Museum of Shoes. Doctors warn that it's still poisonous.

Toxic outfits

In Northern Chile the town of Gray Esmeralda this year archaeologists discovered an ancient tomb, Dating from the first half of the XV century. In it were the mummies of two women dressed in elegant attire of red color. One of the girls was 9 another 18 years. After laboratory analysis of clothing, the scientists came to the conclusion that instead of using iron oxide (hematite), for coloring the dress was used cinnabar is a mineral with a very high content of mercury.
Given that the next Deposit of cinnabar was already in Peru (1,600 kilometers North of Lima), the option with the purchase of a mineral for color dresses were not considered. Most likely, a poisonous dye treated clothing to protect the grave from robbers.
I suggest You also to read the article about the precious science archaeological findings, published on our website hotshot.eu.org.

Poisoned arrows

The war with the use of poisoned tips were distributed around the world, so when in the late nineteenth century in the British Museum delivered another batch of weapons, produced the East India company, and contains poisonous arrows, this finding did not attach much importance. But after analyzing the weapon, the scientists were surprised that the poison was active even after 1300 years of inactivity.
Arrows belonged to the ethnic Karen, at that time lived in Burma. They were used during hunting to immobilize prey. The poison was made from the crushed seeds or juice of the fruit of a local tree. Once in the circulatory system of the animal, he was led to seizures and cardiac arrest.

The ring cavity for the poison

About 5 years ago in the Bulgarian Kaliakra found the ring cavity. During excavations it was found about 30 decorations, but only this ring had a hidden container. Historians came to the conclusion that the cavity was filled with a poison which, if necessary, spilled food or drink of the victim.
It was made in the XIV century and belonged to the ruler of the land of the Dobrotitsa, a cruel feudal Lord, during the reign of which killed many of the local nobility. After the discovery of the ring, it seems, scientists will be able to shed light on the majority of the killings of the period.