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The greatest top 15 scientists of all time who changed the world with their discoveries

Some scientists had their own methods of conducting research. Sometimes their experiments were so unusual that most people considered them idiots. But thanks to such methods, mankind made a huge leap in science and technology.



 Most unrecognized geniuses of his time was devoted his whole life to research work. We currently use their foundations and theories in virtually all types of technologies. Their brilliant mind and crazy experiments that went beyond the understanding of ordinary man far ahead of his time. After long hesitation and debate, we present to you the own list of the 15 greatest scientists of all time!



The greatest top 15 scientists of all time who changed the world with their discoveries

Guglielmo Marconi

Famous due to Radio
Marconi was a famous scientist who has attained unprecedented success in the field of radio transmission over long distances. He invented wireless and is the founder of law on the ratio of the maximum transmission distance of radio waves and the antenna length, which was named after him. From an early age Marconi began to show interest in science and electronics, which was quite strange, as thanks to the wealth of his father, he could lead an idle life. For the life scientist has received numerous awards, chief among them the Nobel prize in 1909, obtained a PhD in physics. Marconi founded the wireless Telegraph and signal company. Of the dark sides of his personality is called the support of Mussolini and join Guglielmo at the Fascist party of Italy.

Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose

Known by: Millimeter waves
Bengali scientist Jagadish Chandra Bose known for his contribution to the development of radio and microwave optics. He conducted research in the field of biology and botany. Bose was the inventor of crescograph — device for measuring plant responses to external stimuli and to evaluate their growth. The scientist was a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire and the Order of the Star of India. In 10-ies of XX century Jagadish was initiated into the knights-bachelors. Bose was opposed to patenting, believing that his inventions should be for the benefit of science, not to provide the tools to make money. But under pressure from colleagues, he patented one of their vehicles.

Francis Crick

Known by: the Structure of DNA
The full name of the British scientist Francis Harry Compton Crick. He became famous in the field of molecular biology, opening the structure of the DNA molecule in the first half of the 50-ies of XX century. For their achievements the Creek along with co-authors were awarded the Nobel prize in medicine. And Francis has made a significant contribution to the development of Biophysics and neurobiology. His work had a role in research related to the genetic code. As a scientist, Crick continued to study science even on his deathbed, with admiration noted another prominent neuroscientist Christof Koch. Francis was a critic of religion and Christianity, with assumed changes in the brain chemical type during prayer.
Be sure to read about the amazing discoveries in genetics on hotshot.eu.org in this interesting article.

Alfred Russell Wallace

Famous by: Natural selection, biogeography
Alfred Russell Wallace was a British archaeologist, biologist and anthropologist. He traveled extensively, and during one of his trips fell ill with malaria. Being in a hospital bed, he began to think about the theory of Thomas Malthus, suggesting the survival of the fittest individuals. This theory allowed Alfred to develop the theory of evolution through natural selection. His labors he gave to Charles Darwin, who worked on the "Origin of species". Darwin was so impressed by the work of Wallace that included most of his terms in my book. Traveling through the Malay archipelago and the Amazon, scientist have worked hard for the separation of Australian and Asian fauna, called the "Wallace line". He was adept practice Ouija and during his career has received numerous awards, including the Order of Merit, the Copley Medal and Royal medal.

Alessandro Volta

Famous by: Electric cell, voltmeter
Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta Italian scientist, famous for his invention of the voltaic cell, on the basis of which was created battery. He proved that in electricity there are two positive and negative terminal which can be collected for further use. Alessandro worked on the invention of the electric light bulb. His other achievements — the invention of the capacitor and electrometer. Volta worked in the chemical field, achieved great success in the study of methane fuel gas, which was discovered by the Italian scientist. He could go the opposite way to science. Alessandro came from an aristocratic family, studying at a Jesuit College, but the role of priest, he chose to study physics. A considerable role in this played Edmond Halley, impressed Volt accurate prediction of the passage of the comet.

Alexander Graham Bell

Known by: Phone
Scientist and inventor from Scotland Alexander Graham bell's famous invention of the first practical telephone. It is about the practical (handy) phone, as the first person who filed a patent for the invention of the telephone, is a scientist from Italy Antonio Meucci. Bell left school at the age of 15, preferring to educate ourselves. The main scientific interest of Oleksandr mostly took biology, so bell became one the founder of the National geographic society. After moving to the USA, bell took a Professor position at Boston University while doing research. It is also known for work on the creation of boats, hydrofoils and optical telecommunications. Moreover, bell owns the rights to the invention of the metal detector and Vodafone. Scientist were not limited to one science, he was successfully engaged in raising sheep and paid a lot of attention to social activities.
Most likely you also be interested in an article on hotshot.eu.org about TOP 10 amazing models most modern technology.

Stephen Hawking

Known by: the Theorem of singularity
Stephen Hawking was a British scientist-cosmologist, theoretical physicist, author of scientific works, and also Director of the Centre for theoretical cosmology in Cambridge University. He is considered the second largest scientists of the twentieth century after albert Einstein. During his life, Hawking has published many scientific papers, the most famous is "a brief history of time". And also, the scientist known for the big Bang theory and the theory of black holes. Most of his life Stephen had spent in a wheelchair, suffering from disease, Lou Gehrig's, gradually paralyzing the whole body. Even the loss of power of speech has not forced the scientist to stop research practice. He has received numerous honors and awards, including the Copley Medal, Einstein Prize and the wolf Prize. He was a Commander of the Order of the British Empire.

Galileo Galilei

Known thanks: Dynamics, kinematics
The outstanding Italian scientist Galileo Galilei — father of modern science and modern physics. Most known for his invention of the telescope, the observation and analysis of sunspots. Galileo also invented an improved military compass and ancillary navigation instruments. Carried out numerous experiments and studies which refute incorrect inferences of ancient philosophers and scientists (e.g., Aristotle). As a supporter of the heliocentric system of the world (the doctrine of the presence of the Sun in the center of the system with rotation around the other planets, including the Earth) is constantly criticized and persecuted by the Catholic Church, asserted the rotation of the sun around the Earth. As a result of conflict, Galileo was imprisoned and subjected to court where was forced to publicly renounce their views. The phrase "And yet it moves" attributed to Galileo, of course, is a myth, otherwise he would have been executed.

Albert Einstein

Known by: the special and General theory of relativity
The name of the greatest scientist of the twentieth century albert Einstein is known all over the world. The main area of activity of the scientist was a physicist. Einstein discovered the world's most famous formula E = mc2, with which you calculate the energy equivalence of mass. Despite the Nobel prize, albert Einstein had problems with school performance, it did not have success in reading. Of the many achievements of the scientist is to provide a theory of the photoelectric effect, General relativity, electromagnetic field theory, quantum theory and the theory of particles and motion of the molecules. All these works have revolutionized the world of science, and had enough influence to change the world. Unfortunately, not all discoveries have been used for the benefit of, for example, one of his "dark" inventions was the nuclear weapons of the enemy which he played the rest of my life.

Sir Isaac Newton

Known by: Universal gravitation
The work of Isaac Newton in physics and mathematics allows us to call him the greatest scientist in the history of mankind. All of us at school known 3 laws of motion formulated by Newton. To him belongs the invention of the concept of gravity, laws of motion and Kepler's construction of the first reflecting telescope. British scientist developed a theory of colour (visible spectrum). Mention of his contribution to humanity will take up too much space, but to highlight some of them we just have:

Nikola Tesla

Known for its discoveries in electricity and magnetism
This man was one of the main culprits of global electrification. Widely known thanks to a huge contribution to the development of modern appliances.
This Serbian scientist discovered the rotating magnetic field and the electrical system of alternating current. This is not the end of the opening electro-genius. He is credited with the development of modern electricity, the first hydropower plant in Niagara falls, transistors, remote controls, modern, motor, and many other machines.
Most of Tesla's inventions remained on paper only, he lacked the time to implement all the ideas that generated his consciousness. Only a few years after the scientist's death his ideas were implemented by other notable scholars.
Tesla could read the whole book, just read it once, and he could speak fluently in eight languages. Well than any genius?!
Some people even claim that Nikola Tesla, not a meteorite, was the originator of the Tunisian phenomenon. The thing is that in the early twentieth century Tesla conducted large-scale experiments with electricity, which the sky could light up with lightning, people have observed the bundles of energy in many kilometers from the scientist's laboratory. Newspaper headlines of the time were often full of frightening headlines about the fantastic experiments of the scientist.

Maria Sklodowska-Curie

Known by: the study of radiation
Marie Curie was the first person in the world to have won two separate Nobel prizes, and the first woman to receive the Nobel prize. She received her first Nobel prize in 1903 for discovering radioactivity and assistance in its application in the field of x-ray radiation. And in 1911 was awarded a second Nobel prize for the discovery of radium. She invented the world's first mobile x-ray machine, who helped wounded soldiers on the battlefield. Unfortunately, work with radium and radiation not passed unnoticed for the health of the great scientist, and in 1934 she died.

Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov

Known for its works in different fields of science
Lomonosov made many discoveries in different fields: he is considered the first who discovered the law of conservation of mass and was the author of the molecular-kinetic theory of heat, and also made discoveries in the chemistry of minerals and glass.
Lomonosov is a founder of Russia's first classical University.
He was a true Renaissance scientist. As an astronomer, Lomonosov discovered the atmosphere of Venus. As an instrument, he is the author of numerous devices, such as optical rotoskop, wind instruments, an advanced modification of the telescope, periscope, barometer, clocks, scales and many others. In addition, he was a great geographer and cartographer. Exactly Lomonosov considered the founder of economic geography. Steelmakers around the world think of Mikhail Vasilyevich great miner, geologist and Metallurgist.
In addition, the Lomonosov became famous in areas such as poetry, history, fine arts, genealogy and Philology.

Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky

Known thanks: discoveries in theoretical space
Self-educated scientist, now known as the grandfather of Soviet space travel. In his honor named one of the craters on the opposite side of the moon.
Tsiolkovsky was the author of how sci-Fi works, and major treatises on rocketry. His article "Investigation of outer space with rocket devices" published in 1903, introduced the idea of using the liquid fuel as rocket fuel, and touched weightlessness.
A subsequent article published in 1911, "the Purpose of the astronauts" in 1914 sparked wide interest in the scientific world, discussing two key problems: rocket propulsion and interplanetary communication.
Tsiolkovsky was convinced that the future of mankind rests in heaven, in order to cope with the growing needs of a growing population. He was the author of the famous phrase:
"Earth is the cradle of humanity, but mankind cannot remain in the cradle."
Ziolkowski argued that colonizing space would lead to the betterment of humanity. He believed that humanity has every reason for "cosmic optimism" because human culture can develop without restrictions in the vastness of space. Tsiolkovsky for the purpose of space exploration was to achieve universal happiness.

Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev

Known by: the periodic law of chemical elements
In the 1860's, Dmitri Mendeleev noticed a repeating trend in the chemical and physical properties of different elements. During the writing of his textbook "principles of chemistry" Mendeleev found that by arranging the elements in order of increasing atomic mass, their chemical properties demonstrated definite trends. Based on their understanding of the characteristics of the elements, Mendeleev arranged known elements in a table, classifying them.
Based on the periodic law, Mendeleev created the periodic table of elements, similar to that used today all over the world. The only real difference between his table and the table that we use today, is that the periodic table arranges the elements in ascending atomic weight, while this table is ordered by ascending atomic number.
Interestingly, with the help of his table, the scientist predicted the discovery of three unknown items, which turned out to be germanium, gallium and scandium.
Based on periodic properties of elements, Mendeleev was going to find another 8 elements, which at that time was not detected.
Like all geniuses, Mendeleev worked in several areas of science, he was also an economist, futurist and researcher.

In conclusion

Undoubtedly, our rating is not got very many scientists whose work has made an enormous contribution to the development of modern science. This and Charles Darwin, Aristotle, Archimedes, Michael Faraday, Thomas Edison, Pafnuty Chebyshev, Nikolai Lobachevsky, and many others.
And who else would you include in this list? Write your answers in the comments!