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The most famous top 10 paintings by Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci belongs to the category called Homo universalis, that is, universal man. In addition to artistic talent, he was a great scientist and inventor who created many useful things to mankind. But today, let's put aside his scientific work, and make up gallery, which will include the most famous paintings of Leonardo da Vinci. Here and interesting facts about the masterpieces of the Renaissance.




The most famous painting by Leonardo da Vinci

The Savior of the world




This picture, painted by Leonardo around 1500, and for many years was considered lost. Critics, referring to the recording, I assume that he wrote her painter commissioned by the French monarch Louis XII.
Only in 2011, collector cook introduced the world to a restored original brush of the masters of the Renaissance. After 6 years it was sold under the hammer at auction for a record $400 million, and it became the most expensive work of art in history.
And there is an engraved portrait of Christ, the so-called new York version, written in the XVII century with original Leonardo da Vinci.

Mona Lisa




The most famous work of the painter, and today holds many secrets and mysteries. There is still no consensus on who is depicted on canvas art, the wife of a silk merchant from Florence, Lisa Gherardini, or Pacifica Brandano.
Currently, I am working on Giocondo painter laid aside all his Affairs, and devoted his talent and time to write a female portrait.
The famous masterpiece of the Renaissance masters in the Louvre, and less traveling the world. In Russia, while in the USSR, "Mona Lisa" visited once, in 1974.
Read on hotshot.eu.org interesting material about the most famous paintings of Botticelli, another bright and talented representative of this period.

Vitruvian man



Opening the diary of Leonardo da Vinci you can see many drawings, including an unusual drawing of a man inscribed in a circle and a square.
The picture and the explanation to it in the scientific world began to be called "canonical proportions." Made the picture using watercolors and ink sometime in the early 90-ies of the XV century.
Leonardo created a drawing to determine the proportions of the human body and, most likely, used it to create paintings and sculptures.

John The Baptist



List of paintings by our gallery continues the portrait of John the Baptist, written between the years of 1514-1516 and refers to the late period of creativity of the great masters.
Leonardo da Vinci was intentionally deprived of the portrait background to concentrate attention on the figure of St. John. Not without the picture and Christian paraphernalia, namely the ratio of the body and the right hand creates a kind of cross.
The painting, which depicts the Baptist of Christ, confirms that Leonardo was a great portraitist. He was able to accurately convey not only the appearance, but to display the inner essence.

Lady with an ermine



Together with other portraits, this painting refers to the four known portraits of women, Leonardo. The portrait depicts Cecilia Gallerani, and wrote her artist in 1490.
Many historians of culture have recognized the portrait of a seventeen year old mistress of the Duke of Sforza, one of the most beautiful paintings of Leonardo da Vinci.
He pictured her waist, thereby having the opportunity to paint her hands. At the turn of the head, the position of the shoulders, and even in the symbolism of the ermine. Ermine in Greek sounds like "Gale", which refers to the names of the girls Gallerani.

Madonna Litta



The portrait, which is now exhibited in the Hermitage, was written in the period from 1483 to 1486. The fine detail of the paintings hid the secrets and mysteries that tell of a mother and her child.
The cuts on the shirt is sewn that says that the woman tried to separate her child from the breast. But the viewer sees the time of feeding and the stitches on the right side broken, and so the woman decided to postpone for a moment the separation of the son from breastfeeding.
In the Louvre is a sketch of the head of the Madonna, and many experts suggest that the figure of the infant written by a talented pupil of Leonardo, Giovanni Antonio Boltraffio.

Portrait of Ginevra de ' Benci



One of Leonardo's earlier works, in which he portrayed the Florentine poet Ginevra d Amerigo de ' Benci. According to one version of the portrait was commissioned Bernadino Bembo, passionately in love with a beautiful woman.
Portrait of a beautiful and spirited girl, written in about 1478, was the first work of the artist in the portrait genre painting. Landscapes have always played a certain character, and here the branches of the juniper tree indicate the name of the portrayed girl.
This is the only painting by Leonardo da Vinci, which is located outside of Europe, and exhibited in the Washington National gallery.

Virgin of the rocks



Painting of a Madonna with the children depicted in the natural landscape was written for the decoration of the altar of the Cathedral in Milan. But at the end of work, the master gave the painting to Louis XII.
Customers of Milan has addressed in court with the lawsuit, and then Leonardo painted a second portrait of the Madonna in the grotto, which adorned the altar of the Church of San Francesco Grande.
For the first time the artist managed to perfectly combine the people and the landscape. The first version from the Royal collection inherited by the Louvre, but the second exhibited in London.

The Madonna of the yarnwinder



Unfortunately, a lost painting of the great masters, extant only in copies written by his disciples. One of the copies, written about the year 1501, is now in Edinburgh.
Among the mountain landscape depicts the young virgin Mary with the little Jesus, who is holding a spindle. The subject is a baby, more like a cross, symbolizes the future destiny of the Savior. Simultaneously acts as a symbol of home and comfort.
The masterpiece of the school of Leonardo da Vinci was stolen in 2003 from the collection of the Duke Bally. Found the painting was in Glasgow in 2007, and placed in the Scottish National gallery.

Leda and the Swan



Leonardo in his late work was preoccupied with the study of female anatomy and the process of procreation and to distinguish it from artistic images of scientific research is quite difficult.
In his writings there are drawings of the embryo in the female uterus, and about 1515 he painted a story where earth girl Leda embracing Zeus in the form of a beautiful Swan. Near their children play.
The painting, written on the ancient Greek myth, the lost, and to have survived only Florentine copy.

Self portrait



In the Royal library of Turin is a self-portrait of Leonardo, presumably written at the age of 60 years. This portrait includes the description of the figure, compiled by Lomazzo.
Identification of a self-portrait held in the nineteenth century, when he compared the picture of Leonardo in the way of Plato in the fresco of Raphael's "the school of Athens" with a picture of an elderly man with a beard.
Due to its fragility the drawing, written by sanguine, has not been placed. It can only be seen in reproductions or photographs.

The Benois Madonna



The name of the paintings of Leonardo da Vinci sometimes has a double name. So, the Benois Madonna, created around 1480, also called Madonna with a flower.
One of the early works, for unknown reasons, was never finished, but it shows the special style of the novice painter. The basis of creativity remained the Florentine school, but the twist of bodies and the dimensions of the body proportions are an individual feature of the technology of Leonardo.
In 1914 "the Benois Madonna" began to exhibit at the Hermitage, and purchased it from Maria Alexandrovna, wife of the architect at the court of Emperor Nicholas II.

The Annunciation



A young, aspiring Leonardo, still working in the Studio of his teacher Andrea Verrocchio, refers to the biblical story, and paints "the Annunciation".
Here it is still difficult to consider a special technique the future of the wizard, as the song is quite simple and traditional. But here are a novice painter carefully draws the details, and not just the main characters. With time the details will become an important component of artistic paintings and drawings.
Leonardo depicts the Archangel and Mary remotely, allowing you to place them over the vast landscape and architectural elements of the building.

Portrait of a musician



Is the portrait in the art Museum of Milan, and the study found that it was repeatedly copied. Definitely it was found that initially it was the brush of Leonardo, but for some reason, the painting remained unfinished.
Disputes critics continue to question who is depicted. There is a version that is Duke Lodovico Moro, as well as a version that painted musician, Francine Gafuri.
This assumption is made after the result of the restoration found in the hands of the young man notes. Francine became known in the late fifteenth century as the conductor of the Milan Cathedral, and therefore one of the nobles could Commission a painting of him.

The last supper



The mural that adorns the refectory of the Dominican monastery in Milan, was created over 3 years, from 1495 in 1498. The basis was taken the biblical story of the last supper of Christ, which was attended by all of his disciples.
Leonardo abandoned the traditional techniques of writing murals and wrote a picture not on damp, and on dry plaster. Before you apply paint he coated the wall with a mixture of resin, mastic and gypsum.
Critics agree that the fresco depicts the moment when Jesus tells the disciples that one of them would betray their master.
See also an interesting article on hotshot.eu.org 10 images of Jesus that caused heated debate in society.

Conclusion

In recent times it has become popular to do a mirror image of the masterpieces of the artist, finding in them a hidden meaning and prediction. But without it, the artist and sculptor of the Renaissance Leonardo da Vinci left a significant mark in the world culture. And his invention became the basis for the creation of most modern machines and mechanisms. It's amazing how in this one combined so many talents, but, of course, Leonardo was a man who is centuries ahead of his time.